Dictatorship is a form of government where only one person rules a country. A form where authorities use different methods to make sure that the ruling individual remains the strongest.
In Africa, the regime of the majority of African dictators in the country’s history were marked by terror, bloodshed and chaos. Some of those dictators made their way to good economic status, others were tarnished and others had a good start but lost their way during their time. Below is the list of worst dictators in Africa history.
Idi Amin Dada (Uganda: 1971-1979)
Idi Amin is African dictator who was in power in 8 years until the coup of January 1971. He fled to Uganda during Uganda-Tanzania war and exiled in Libya and Saudi Arabia where he lived until August 16, 2003. There were rumors that during his time as the dictator, there were cases of cannibalism, human right violations, extra judicial killings, corruption, economic mismanagement, and political repression.
In 1979, his eight years of extreme dictatorial rule was brought to an end when Tanzania and anti-Amin Ugandan forces invaded and overthrew his regime. Idi Amin had earlier launched an unsuccessful attack on Tanzania in October 1978 in an effort to divert attention from Uganda’s internal problems. He escaped to Libya, eventually settling in Saudi Arabia, where he died in August 2003. The deaths of 300,000 Ugandans are attributed to Idi Amin, till date Idi Amin still has the reputation the very worst African dictator ever.
Teodoro Obiang N’guema (Equatorial Guinea: 1979 – Present)
N’guema has been the ruler of Equatorial Guinea since 1974, this 74 year old Sick African dictator ‘eats his enemies’ testicles and brains to boost his sexual prowess’
The 74-year-old took charge of the country’s affairs in 1979, and is referred to as the “torturer-in-chief” following his reported sadism. The president of Equatorial Guinea may not be a household name – however those who have survived his brutal regime claim he is nothing but pure evil.
He rose to power by toppling his uncle’s regime – Francisco Macias N’Guema – taking revenge after his uncle had his family murdered. Since seizing power, his politically opponents have been subjected to severe oppression and torture. However are many claims that his depravity goes much deeper, it is alleged that Obiang N’guema is a cannibal. Those who make these claims say that he believes in eating his political opponents to increases his sexual prowess.
Colonel Muanmmar Gaddafi (Libya: 1969-2011)
Gaddafi was in power in 42 years until the military coup in 1969. He was a charismatic leader and one of the country’s greatest dictator. He met his death in Sirte when rebels killed him during the Libyan revolution in 2011.
Under his regime, Libya became the first developing country to own the greatest share of revenues from its production of oil. He offered safe houses, clean drinking water and free health care, free education that led to a significant increase in the country’s literacy rate. On the other hand, during his regime, he led the country as an absolute leader for almost 42 years. He crushed all entities that tried to opposed him and responsible for huge number of deaths in his country.
General Sani Abacha (Nigeria: 1993-1998)
Abacha became the leader of the country after he defeated the acting president appointed after the annulment of the country’s 1993 general elections. He was in his power for 8 years and died in 1998 in the presidential palace with no exact details released to the public.
His term was an economic success. There was an increase of foreign exchange reserves, external debt was reduced, global oil price was priced at an average of $15 per barrel and the inflation rate went down. On the other hand, the regime was described by massive looting and abuses in human rights.
Sekou Toure (Guinea: 1958-1984)
Toure was the first president of Guinea. He ruled the country until his death in 1984. Just like other dictators, he had survived several coups and assassination attempts. In 1984, he died of heart failure. During his time, he banned all parties that tried to oppose him and his party became the only legal party in the country. He was characterized as one who did not have tolerance for opposition. Accused on numerous cases in extra judicial killings and human rights abuse.
Omar Al-Bashir (Sudan: 1989- Present)
Al- Bashir was in power in more than 26 years. He started his regime when he took his power from a military group, he became one of the most brutal leaders in Africa. The international court wants him because of filed cases against him for torture, rape, murder, genocide, war crimes and other crimes that violates humanity.